[1970, revised 1972, 1976, 1979, 1990, 2009]
The major objective of a pension plan is the provision
of a secure income to maintain one’s standard of living during retirement. The
achievement of this objective requires a stable source of revenue from a fund
to which employees and employers are required to contribute. Tax measures
should encourage individuals to supplement retirement savings, thus reducing
overall societal obligations.
Pensions for Alberta teachers were first
achieved in 1939 under the Teachers’ Retirement Fund Act. A new act came
into effect on 1948 04 01, under which pensions were calculated as a percentage
of average salary earned during the highest five consecutive years. Since that
time many improvements have been made but the Alberta Teachers’ Pension Plan
has remained basically the same. Both the Government of the Province of
Alberta, cast in the role of employer, and teachers, as employees, originally
made contributions to a fund. In 1956, the Government of Alberta ceased to make
annual contributions to the Plan, and in place of this, guaranteed the pension
plan and made its contribution only in support of a pension after one had been
granted to a teacher. Subsequently, after the government’s former contributions
had been used up in payment of pensions, teachers’ contributions remained as
the Plan, which is invested in accordance with the Canadian and British
Insurance Companies Act.
The Teachers’ Pension Plan has been
administered by a board appointed by the Lieutenant Governor in Council and
made up of equal representation from nominees of the Alberta Teachers’
Association and the Government of Alberta.
Teachers believe that this is the most
appropriate way of administering the Plan. They also believe that actuarial stability
of the Plan should be guaranteed through legislation and by contributions from
teachers and the provincial government. Teachers deserve a fully funded,
compulsory, defined benefit plan.
High on the list of desirable features of
the pension plan are automatically adjusted benefits, which would allow
teachers to maintain throughout retirement the standard of living enjoyed in
their teaching careers. Furthermore, pension benefits calculated on the basis
of the average of the highest three years of salary would be appropriate.
Pension without actuarial reduction at or after age 55 or after 30 years of
contributory service or with an age plus service index of 80 would provide
optimum flexibility to teachers and should be sought. Teachers should receive a
pension based on 2.5 per cent of salary per year of service.
Pensionable service should include all
teaching experience, be it within or outside Canada. Teachers should be allowed
to purchase as teaching service maternity, parenting or adoption leaves, vocational
trade experience recognized for salary purposes, strike or lockout time,
military service, service with the Canadian International Development Agency or
other such educational agencies and Department of Education employment during
nonteaching periods. The Association also maintains that contributions should
be waived during periods of disability and that a disabled teacher’s pension
should be calculated on a salary indexed to that paid to active teachers.
Reciprocal agreements without time limits and without requirements of return to
employment should be negotiated for teaching service with other approved plans.
Refund of contributions should be available on application, as should
reinstatement into the plan.
Some other features that teachers expect in
their plan include vesting after two years of pensionable service, locking in
of contributions and decking of the Canada Pension Plan with the teachers’
plan. A variety of pension options should continue to be available, along with
payment of pension earned to a surviving spouse or other dependent.
Although teachers expect to continue to
participate in a defined benefit pension plan, they also recognize that
maintaining and improving their pension rights may require increased
contributions. The Association is prepared to defend teachers’ pension rights
and to negotiate improvements to their plan.