A Chronology of Public Education in AlbertaTop of page

1867 Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick join Confederation.
1870 The Red River Rebellion breaks out.
Manitoba joins Confederation.
1871 British Columbia joins Confederation.
1873 Prince Edward Island joins Confederation.
1875 The North-West Territories Act is passed.
1883 The Canadian Pacific Railway reaches Calgary.
1884 The North-West Territories passes an ordinance regarding education.
1885 The North-West Rebellion breaks out.
The Canadian Pacific Railway completes the transcontinental railway.
1890 Manitoba debates the Schools Question.
1892 The North-West Territories passes an ordinance regarding education.
1901 The North-West Territories passes another ordinance regarding education.
1905 Alberta joins Confederation.
1906 The University of Alberta is created.
The Calgary Normal School is established.
1912 The Camrose Normal School is established.
1914 World War I begins.
1917 The Alberta Teachers' Alliance is founded.
1918 The Spanish influenza breaks out.
World War I ends.
1921 The United Farmers of Alberta form the government in Alberta.
1929 The stock market crashes.
The University of Alberta establishes the School of Education.
1930 Alberta is hit by a severe drought.
The federal government returns mineral rights to Alberta.
1935 Alberta passes the Teaching Profession Act.
The Social Credit Party under William Aberhart is elected in Alberta.
1936 The Teaching Profession Act is revised.
The School Act is amended to permit the formation of rural school divisions.
1937 The Board of Reference is expanded.
Alberta establishes protocols for teacher contracts.
1939 World War II breaks out.
A College of Education is established at the University of Alberta.
The Teachers' Retirement Fund Act is passed.
1942 The Faculty of Education is created at the University of Alberta.
The ATA becomes responsible for organizing teachers' conventions.
Teachers gain the right to bargain collectively.
1943 Ernest C Manning becomes premier of Alberta.
1945 World War II ends.
Normal schools in Alberta are closed.
1947 Oil is discovered at Leduc.
1951 The County Act is passed.
1952 Departments are created in the Faculty of Education at the University of Alberta.
1955 The Department of Educational Administration is established at the University of Alberta.
1957 Alberta's first public junior college is created in Lethbridge.
1959 The Cameron Report is published.
1960 The Technical and Vocational Assistance Act is passed.
The mandate of schools is expanded to include vocational education.
1962 The Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) is established.
1965 The Department of Vocational Education is established in the Faculty of Education at the University of Alberta.
1966 The University of Calgary is established.
1967 The University of Lethbridge is established.
The Alberta Human Resources Research Council is established.
1968 Harry E Strom becomes premier of Alberta.
The Federal Bilingualism and Biculturalism Commission is established.
1969 The Colleges Act is established.
The Board of Post-Secondary Education is established.
1970 The School Act is revised.
1971 The Progressive Conservative Party under Peter Lougheed forms the government.
1972 The Worth Report is published.
The Department of Advanced Education is created.
The Alberta Human Resources Research Council is disbanded.
1973 North America experiences an oil shortage.
1974 The Department of Advanced Education and Manpower is established.
1976 The Alberta Heritage Savings Trust Fund is set up.
1980 The federal government establishes the National Energy Program.
The Alberta Heritage Scholarship Fund is created.
Calgary teachers go on strike.
The Kratzmann Report on classroom conditions is published.
1981 Alberta experiences an economic recession.
1982 Albertans re-elect the Progressive Conservatives.
1984 Alberta Education institutes a Management and Finance Plan.
1985 Premier Peter Lougheed retires.
1986 Don Getty leads the Progress Conservatives to an election victory.
1987 The government imposes cutbacks to education and health.
1988 The School Act is revised.
1989 The Progressive Conservatives under Don Getty are re-elected.
1991 Alberta Education publishes Vision for the Nineties.
1992 Don Getty resigns as premier.
The School Act is revised.
1993 The Progressive Conservatives under Ralph Klein are re-elected.
The government passes the Deficit Elimination Act.
1994 The government imposes major cutbacks to education, health care and social services.
1995 The ATA initiates a public relations campaign to support public education.
1996 The Teaching Profession Amendment Act is passed.
1997 The Progressive Conservatives under Ralph Klein are re-elected.
The government organizes a Provincial Growth Summit.
Teachers rally at the Alberta Legislature.
1998 The government announces a Private Schools Funding Task Force.
1999 The government merges Alberta Education and Alberta Advanced Education into one ministry, Alberta Learning.
The government launches the Alberta Initiative for School Improvement.
2001 The Progressive Conservatives under Ralph Klein are re-elected.

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